Treatment Options

What Types of Surgery Help with Infertility?

Infertility is a challenging issue that affects approximately 10% of women in the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It's a sensitive and complex topic, and understanding the different treatments and options available can be a crucial step in navigating this journey.

Understanding Infertility

Infertility is defined as the inability to conceive after a year of regular unprotected intercourse. It can be due to a myriad of reasons in women, including ovulation disorders, uterine or cervical abnormalities, damage or blockage of the fallopian tubes, endometriosis, early menopause, and certain cancers or their treatments. Therefore, it is important to consult with a healthcare provider for an accurate diagnosis if you suspect infertility.

Types of Surgery to Treat Infertility

Surgery can sometimes address the root cause of infertility. Let's explore some common surgical procedures.


Hysteroscopy is a procedure that allows your doctor to look inside your uterus to diagnose and treat causes of abnormal bleeding. It can treat conditions like polyps and fibroids, septums, or scar tissue that may contribute to infertility. The procedure involves inserting a thin, lighted tube through your vagina and cervix into your uterus. Recovery is usually quick, with minimal pain and normal activity resumption within one or two days.


Laparoscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure used to examine the organs inside the abdomen. For infertility purposes, it can treat conditions like endometriosis, fibroids, ovarian cysts, and tubal disease. The procedure involves making small incisions in the abdomen for the insertion of a laparoscope (a long, thin tube with a high-intensity light and a high-resolution camera). Recovery usually takes a few days to a week.

Tubal Surgeries

Tubal surgeries are procedures done to repair or unblock the fallopian tubes. This can help in conditions where infertility is caused by blocked or damaged tubes. The procedure and recovery process varies widely depending on the specific surgery.

Uterine Septum Surgery

A uterine septum is a form of congenital malformation where the uterine cavity is divided by a wall. It can cause recurrent miscarriages or infertility. Uterine septum surgery removes the wall, enhancing the chances of a successful pregnancy. Recovery often takes a few days to a week.

Surgeries for Endometriosis

Endometriosis is a condition where tissue similar to the lining of the uterus grows outside the uterus. It's a common cause of infertility and can be treated surgically. The procedure involves removing endometriotic lesions, cysts, and adhesions, and recovery time varies depending on the extent of the disease.

Risks and Complications of Infertility Surgeries

Like any surgical procedure, infertility surgeries come with possible risks and complications which may include infection, bleeding, damage to surrounding organs, and reactions to anesthesia. It's crucial to have an open discussion with your healthcare provider about these aspects.

Other Fertility Treatment Options

While surgery can be an effective treatment for certain causes of infertility, there are also non-surgical options to consider. These include:

  • In-vitro fertilization (IVF): This involves combining eggs and sperm outside the body in a laboratory. Once an embryo or embryos form, they are then placed in the uterus.
  • Intrauterine insemination (IUI): During IUI, sperm are inserted directly into your uterus when you're ovulating.
  • Medication treatment options: This includes drugs to stimulate ovulation.


Navigating infertility can feel overwhelming, but remember that you have many options available. Surgical treatments like hysteroscopy, laparoscopy, tubal surgeries, uterine septum surgery, and surgeries for endometriosis can potentially address the root cause of infertility. However, it's essential to discuss potential risks and complications with your healthcare provider.

Additionally, non-surgical treatments such as IVF, IUI, and medication are also available. Understanding these options is the first step in making an informed decision about what's best for you. Remember, you're not alone in this journey, and help is available. Reach out to a healthcare provider to discuss the best course of action for you.

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